Silver Training Session 1
Sunday 11 April
Follow-up from this week
View all the following short videos on the use of map and compass.
- Choosing the right map with Steve Backshall and Ordnance Survey – YouTube 1:16
- Understanding map symbols with Steve Backshall and Ordnance Survey – YouTube 0:56
- Understanding contour lines with Steve Backshall and Ordnance Survey – YouTube 1:15
- How to take a 4-figure grid reference with Steve Backshall and Ordnance Survey – YouTube 1:53
- How to take a 6-figure grid reference with Steve Backshall and Ordnance Survey – YouTube 2:07
- Features of a compass with Steve Backshall and Ordnance Survey – YouTube 1:57
- How to take a compass bearing with Steve Backshall and Ordnance Survey – YouTube 1:33
Then view this longer video showing how to put all the different skills together.
Check that you know the map symbols used on OS maps
- OS 25K Maps legend – key to symbols etc (PDF- check Downloads)
eDofE Mapping; pacing and compass practice
- Make sure you can get into eDofE Mapping with help from the slides and video eDofE Mapping
- Download this file Dales Skeleton.gpx
and save it somewhere you can browse to – desktop? downloads? You may
need some help with this, as your browser may try to open the file
rather than save it, but don’t let the tech beat you!
- Watch this video explaining how to use a .gpx file to start a route. The .gpx file contains the start, finish and one ‘via’ point to provide an outline.
- Create this skeleton route for yourself and build it into a real route, looking at the route card as you go. This is just for practice, so don’t be afraid of making mistakes.
Practise walking on a compass bearing
For navigation we can count the number of paces to measure the distance walked. When we say ‘pace’ we mean two steps, right foot then left foot, so you count every time your right foot makes a step. You can think of it as “1 and 2 and 3 and …” where you count the number on the right foot while ‘and’ marks the left. Try to keep your paces even.
Then note how many double paces you take to walk the length of a football pitch (i.e. 90 – 120m)? Repeat a few
times on the same pitch to see how consistent you are, walking normally.
Setting your compass
If you need to, watch the videos again to make sure you can set a bearing on your compass, point it and sight a landmark on that bearing to allow you to walk towards it without looking at your compass.
Compass practice in a park, field or other safe open space
You may want to print these instructions.
Give yourself enough space to walk 50 paces in any direction.
Place a marker at the start – a twig, pencil, golf tee, anything that won’t blow away.
Walk a triangle – 3 legs
- Using your compass, set a bearing of 0°/360° (due North) and find a landmark on that bearing. Without looking at your compass, walk 50 paces towards that landmark and stop.
- Now, set a bearing of 120° on your compass and find another landmark. Walk 50 paces on this bearing and stop.
- Lastly, set a bearing of 240° on your compass, find a landmark, and follow the bearing for 50 paces.
- You should be back where you started, more or less, depending on how accurate your bearings were and how even your paces.
Then try the square. Keep practising to improve your accuracy and speed.
Walk a square – four legs
Walk 50 paces North, 50 paces East, 50 paces South, 50 paces West (item 1 below). Then try the other squares listed. Remember that the compass dial is going round a quarter turn each time.
- 0° , 90° , 180° , 270°
- 270° , 180° , 90° , 0°
- 45° , 135° , 225° , 315°
- 315° , 225° , 135° , 45°
Now make up your own squares starting with the following bearings. You decide whether you are going round clockwise (adding 90° each time) or anticlockwise (subtracting 90° each time). Remember that North is 0° or 360° – we don’t use negative numbers with bearings.
- 10° …
- 300° …
- 55° …
- 187° …
General materials for reference
Enjoying the outdoors responsibly
When visiting the outdoors, you must behave responsibly, and the Code explains what this means. The main responsibilities can be summarised as
- take responsibility for your own actions – eg care for your own safety, keep alert for hazards, take special care with children.
- respect people’s privacy and peace of mind – eg. do not act in ways that might annoy or alarm people, especially at night.
- help land managers and others to work safely and effectively – eg keep clear of land management operations like harvesting or tree-felling, avoid damaging crops, leave gates as you find them.
- care for your environment – eg don’t disturb wildlife, take your litter away with you.
- Keep your dog under proper control – dogs are popular companions, but take special care if near livestock, or during the bird breeding season, and always pick up after your dog.
- Take extra care if you are organising an event or running a business – eg talk to the managers of any land which you may plan to use intensively or regularly.
Respect other people
- Consider the local community and other people enjoying the outdoors
- Park carefully so access to gateways and driveways is clear
- Leave gates and property as you find them
- Follow paths but give way to others where it’s narrow
Protect the natural environment
- Leave no trace of your visit, take all your litter home
- Don’t have BBQs or fires
- Keep dogs under effective control
- Dog poo – bag it and bin it
Enjoy the outdoors
- Plan ahead, check what facilities are open, be prepared
- Follow advice and local signs and obey social distancing measures
This gives details of what we have to cover, under the following headings:
- First aid and emergency procedures
- An awareness of risk and health and safety issues
- Navigation and route planning
- Preparatory map skills
- Practical map skills
- Compass skills
- Campcraft, equipment and hygiene
- Food and cooking
- Countryside and Highway Codes
- Observation recording and presentations
- Team building
- Proficiency in the mode of travel – walking
Planning the expedition
1. The team must plan and organise the expedition; all members of the team should be able to describe the role they have played in planning.
2. The expedition must have an aim. The aim can be set by the Leader at Bronze level only.
3. All participants must be within the qualifying age of the programme level and at the same Award level (i.e. not have completed the same or higher level of expedition).
4. There must be between four and seven participants in a team (eight for modes of travel which have tandem).
5. The expedition should take place in the recommended environment.
Bronze: Expeditions should be in normal rural countryside – familiar and local to groups.
Silver: Expeditions should be in normal rural, open countryside or forest – unfamiliar to groups.
Gold: Expeditions should be in wild country (remote from habitation) which is unfamiliar to groups.
6. Accommodation must be by camping or other simple self-catering accommodation (e.g. camping barns or bunkhouses).
7. The expedition must be of the correct duration and meet the minimum hours of planned activity.
Bronze: A minimum of 2 days, 1 night; 6 hours planned activity each day.
Silver: A minimum of 3 days, 2 nights; 7 hours planned activity each day.
Gold: A minimum of 4 days, 3 nights; 8 hours planned activity each day.
8. All expeditions must be supervised by an adult (the Expedition Supervisor) who is able to accept responsibility for the safety of the team.
9. Assessment must be by an accredited Assessor. At Bronze level only, the Assessor may also be the Expedition Supervisor.
10. Expeditions will usually take place between the end of March and the end of October. They may take place outside this period, if so, non-camping accommodation options should be considered.
Training and practice
11. Participants must be adequately trained to safely undertake a remotely supervised expedition in the environment in which they will be operating.
Bronze: Teams must complete the required training.
Silver: Teams must complete the required training and a practice expedition of a minimum 2 days, 2 nights.
Gold: Teams must complete the required training and a practice expedition of a minimum 2 days, 2 nights.
During the expedition
12. All expeditions must be by the participants’ own physical effort, without motorised or outside assistance. Mobility aids may be used where appropriate to the needs of the participant.
13. All expeditions must be unaccompanied and self-sufficient. The team must be properly equipped, and supervision must be carried out remotely.
14. Teams must possess the necessary physical fitness, first aid and expedition skills required to complete their expedition safely.
15. Groups must adhere to a mobile phone use policy as agreed with their Expedition Supervisor and Assessor. This agreement should also include use of other electronic equipment.
16. Participants must behave responsibly with respect for their team members, Leaders, the public and animals.
17. Groups must understand and adhere to the Countryside /Scottish Outdoor Access, Highway and Water Sports Codes (as appropriate).
18. Participants must plan an appropriate expedition menu, including cooking and eating a substantial hot meal on each day. This is optional on the final day.
19. Participants must actively participate in a debrief with their Assessor at the end of the expedition.
20. At Silver and Gold level, a presentation must be prepared and delivered after the expedition.
You can download a PDF version of the 20 Conditions of the Expedition section here.