How to walk on an expedition

Ideas to help you enjoy a good expedition - safe and comfortable

Some hints …


Boots, socks, cut toenails, blisters – carry blister plasters

Speed – pace of slowest …

Take turns at front and back – not always same position in group

Keep to times on route card

Hills – shorten pace, walk at an angle across slope (traversing)

Contouring – but follow agreed route

Rocky ground, muddy ground, boggy ground

Rucksack: adjusting; loading; lifting; walking

Remember road safety including forestry vehicles: no earphones

Pay attention to what you are doing and what is around you: traffic? bikes? animals? holes in ground?

In bushes or low trees, don’t walk too close to person in front


For rain

For heat

For cold – gloves, hat, layers …

For sun – sunblock (only what you need!)

For midges etc – net, repellent; keep tent door shut!


Lots of high energy, lightweight food:

Meals – breakfast & evening

Snacks – as you go, including lunch


Drink plenty.

Carry 2 litres per day.

To be safe, water must either be boiled for at least one minute or treated with water purifying tablets (Chlorine Dioxide is the most effective).  It should be taken from a free-flowing stream/small river preferably not a pond or loch. Check upstream for 100/150m to make sure there is nothing in the water that could be harmful – dead animals, rubbish, chemicals etc. If in doubt, always treat with tablets rather than boil. 


Use route card, map, compass and watch at all stages.

Don’t assume somebody else knows!

Keep your Assessor happy

Keep to your route.

Keep to time.

Shut gates if you open them.

Don’t block a gate, stile or path – be polite to other people.

No litter!

Phones only for emergency, or as a camera.  Don’t use social media!

Work on your project.

Enjoy yourselves

Chat to each other

Make decisions as a group

Don’t listen to music etc as you go!

Support each other – help to put rucksack on; get someone’s water bottle etc from pack …

Take photos and notes of what you see.