Basic Training Week 5

Module 5 - Sunday 7 March

Walk

Boots, socks, cut toenails, blisters

Speed – pace of slowest …

Take turns at front and back – not always same position in group

Keep to times on route card

Hills – shorten pace, walk at an angle across slope (traversing)

Contouring – but follow agreed route

Rocky ground, muddy ground, boggy ground

Rucksack: adjusting; loading; lifting; walking

Remember road safety including forestry vehicles: no earphones

Pay attention to what you are doing and what is around you: traffic? bikes? animals? holes in ground?

Dress

For rain

For heat

For cold – gloves, hat, layers …

For sun – sunblock (only what you need!)

For midges etc – net, repellent; keep tent door shut!

Eat

Lots of high energy, lightweight food:

Meals – breakfast & evening

Snacks – as you go, including lunch

Drink

Drink plenty.

Carry 2 litres per day.

To be safe, water must either be boiled for at least one minute or treated with water purifying tablets (Chlorine Dioxide is the most effective).  It should be taken from a free flowing stream/small river preferably not a pond or loch. Check upstream for 100/150m to make sure there is nothing in the water that could be harmful – dead animals, rubbish, chemicals etc. If in doubt, always treat with tablets rather than boil. 

Navigate

Use route card, map, compass and watch at all stages.

Don’t assume somebody else knows!

Keep your Assessor happy

Keep to your route.

Keep to time.

Shut gates if you open them.

Don’t block a gate, stile or path – be polite to other people.

No litter!

Phones only for emergency, or as a camera.  Don’t use social media!

Work on your project.

Enjoy yourselves

Chat to each other

Make decisions as a group

Don’t listen to music etc as you go!

Support each other – help to put rucksack on; get someone’s water bottle etc from pack …

Take photos and notes of what you see.

Preparing for Module 6

Country Code and Scottish Outdoor Code

Read the material below under ‘General’.

Weather – MWIS

Dowload the Mountain Weather Information Service app and follow the forecasts for the Southern Uplands for the next week.

eDofE Mapping and Compass skills

Follow the instructions in the next section for Mapping and for Compass.

Map and Compass

You will have to prepare your expedition route using this tool, so follow the instructions below to practise.
  • Make sure you can get into eDofE Mapping with help from the slides and video eDofE Mapping
  • Download this file Dales Skeleton.gpx and save it somewhere you can browse to – desktop? downloads? You may need some help with this, as your browser may try to open the file rather than save it, but don’t let the tech beat you!
  • Watch this video explaining how to use a .gpx file to start a route. The .gpx file contains the start, finish and one ‘via’ point to provide an outline.
  • Create this skeleton route for yourself and build it into a real route, looking at the route card as you go.

Practise walking on a compass bearing

Counting paces

For navigation we can count the number of paces to measure the distance walked.  When we say ‘pace’ we mean two steps, right foot then left foot, so you count every time your right foot makes a step.  You can think of it as “1 and 2 and 3 and …” where you count the number on the right foot while ‘and’ marks the left.  Try to keep your paces even.

Setting your compass

If you need to, watch the videos again to make sure you can set a bearing on your compass, point it and sight a landmark on that bearing to allow you to walk towards it without looking at your compass.

Compass practice in a park, field or other safe open space

You may want to print these instructions.

Give yourself enough space to walk 50 paces in any direction.

Place a marker at the start – a twig, pencil, golf tee, anything that won’t blow away. 

Walk a triangle – 3 legs

  • Using your compass, set a bearing of 0°/360° (due North) and find a landmark on that bearing. Without looking at your compass, walk 50 paces towards that landmark and stop.
  • Now, set a bearing of 120° on your compass and find another landmark. Walk 50 paces on this bearing and stop.
  • Lastly, set a bearing of 240° on your compass, find a landmark, and follow the bearing for 50 paces.
  • You should be back where you started, more or less, depending on how accurate your bearings were and how even your paces.

Then try the square.  Keep practising to improve your accuracy and speed.

Walk a square – four legs

Walk 50 paces North, 50 paces East, 50 paces South, 50 paces West (item 1 below).  Then try the other squares listed.  Remember that the compass dial is going round a quarter turn each time.

  1. 0° , 90° , 180° , 270°
  2. 270° , 180° , 90° , 0°
  3. 45° , 135° , 225° , 315°
  4. 315° , 225° , 135° , 45°

Now make up your own squares starting with the following bearings.  You decide whether you are going round clockwise (adding 90° each time) or anticlockwise (subtracting 90° each time). Remember that North is 0° or 360° – we don’t use negative numbers with bearings.

  1. 10° …
  2. 300° …
  3. 55° …
  4. 187° …

General

Enjoying the outdoors responsibly

When visiting the outdoors, you must behave responsibly, and the Code explains what this means. The main responsibilities can be summarised as

  • take responsibility for your own actions – eg care for your own safety, keep alert for hazards, take special care with children.
  • respect people’s privacy and peace of mind – eg. do not act in ways that might annoy or alarm people, especially at night.
  • help land managers and others to work safely and effectively – eg keep clear of land management operations like harvesting or tree-felling, avoid damaging crops, leave gates as you find them.
  • care for your environment – eg don’t disturb wildlife, take your litter away with you.
  • Keep your dog under proper control – dogs are popular companions, but take special care if near livestock, or during the bird breeding season, and always pick up after your dog.
  • Take extra care if you are organising an event or running a business – eg talk to the managers of any land which you may plan to use intensively or regularly.

Find out more: Scottish Outdoor Access Code – Part 3 Exercising Access Rights Responsibly

Respect other people

  • Consider the local community and other people enjoying the outdoors
  • Park carefully so access to gateways and driveways is clear
  • Leave gates and property as you find them
  • Follow paths but give way to others where it’s narrow

Protect the natural environment

  • Leave no trace of your visit, take all your litter home
  • Don’t have BBQs or fires
  • Keep dogs under effective control
  • Dog poo – bag it and bin it

Enjoy the outdoors

  • Plan ahead, check what facilities are open, be prepared
  • Follow advice and local signs and obey social distancing measures

This gives details of what we have to cover, under the following headings:

  1. First aid and emergency procedures
  2. An awareness of risk and health and safety issues
  3. Navigation and route planning
    1. Preparatory map skills
    2. Practical map skills
    3. Compass skills
  4. Campcraft, equipment and hygiene
  5. Food and cooking
  6. Countryside and Highway Codes
  7. Observation recording and presentations
  8. Team building
  9. Proficiency in the mode of travel – walking

Planning the expedition

1. The team must plan and organise the expedition; all members of the team should be able to describe the role they have played in planning.

2. The expedition must have an aim. The aim can be set by the Leader at Bronze level only.

3. All participants must be within the qualifying age of the programme level and at the same Award level (i.e. not have completed the same or higher level of expedition).

4. There must be between four and seven participants in a team (eight for modes of travel which have tandem).

5. The expedition should take place in the recommended environment.

Bronze: Expeditions should be in normal rural countryside – familiar and local to groups.
Silver: Expeditions should be in normal rural, open countryside or forest – unfamiliar to groups.
Gold: Expeditions should be in wild country (remote from habitation) which is unfamiliar to groups.

6. Accommodation must be by camping or other simple self-catering accommodation (e.g. camping barns or bunkhouses).

7. The expedition must be of the correct duration and meet the minimum hours of planned activity.

Bronze: A minimum of 2 days, 1 night; 6 hours planned activity each day.
Silver: A minimum of 3 days, 2 nights; 7 hours planned activity each day.
Gold: A minimum of 4 days, 3 nights; 8 hours planned activity each day.

8. All expeditions must be supervised by an adult (the Expedition Supervisor) who is able to accept responsibility for the safety of the team.

9. Assessment must be by an accredited Assessor. At Bronze level only, the Assessor may also be the Expedition Supervisor.

10. Expeditions will usually take place between the end of March and the end of October. They may take place outside this period, if so, non-camping accommodation options should be considered.

Training and practice

11. Participants must be adequately trained to safely undertake a remotely supervised expedition in the environment in which they will be operating.

Bronze: Teams must complete the required training.
Silver: Teams must complete the required training and a practice expedition of a minimum 2 days, 2 nights.
Gold: Teams must complete the required training and a practice expedition of a minimum 2 days, 2 nights.

During the expedition

12. All expeditions must be by the participants’ own physical effort, without motorised or outside assistance. Mobility aids may be used where appropriate to the needs of the participant.

13. All expeditions must be unaccompanied and self-sufficient. The team must be properly equipped, and supervision must be carried out remotely.

14. Teams must possess the necessary physical fitness, first aid and expedition skills required to complete their expedition safely.

15. Groups must adhere to a mobile phone use policy as agreed with their Expedition Supervisor and Assessor. This agreement should also include use of other electronic equipment.

16. Participants must behave responsibly with respect for their team members, Leaders, the public and animals.

17. Groups must understand and adhere to the Countryside /Scottish Outdoor Access, Highway and Water Sports Codes (as appropriate).

18. Participants must plan an appropriate expedition menu, including cooking and eating a substantial hot meal on each day. This is optional on the final day.

Post expedition

19. Participants must actively participate in a debrief with their Assessor at the end of the expedition.

20. At Silver and Gold level, a presentation must be prepared and delivered after the expedition.

You can download a PDF version of the 20 Conditions of the Expedition section here.