Basic Skills Material Leaders Week 6

Module 6 - Sunday 14 March

Materials for the 2 breakout sessions on 14 March
Here are the PowerPoint slides for the sessions, all in the same file:

    1. Highway Code and Outdoor Codes
    2. Kit.  Projects and Presentations.  Teams

PowerPoint slides


Many thanks for offering to help us train the Explorers to prepare them for their first DofE expeditions.







Refer to MWIS and eDofE Mapping work at home

Codes.  Toilets.



Highway Code & Outdoor Codes

Groups 15 mins


Kit.  Projects & Presentations.  Teams.



Kit.  Projects.  Teams.  Feedback

Groups 25 mins


20 minutes plus 5 max for feedback – probably less time required for that.  Teams sections is an optional follow-up to Projects – see notes below.

Where we are, what happens next



Here are some notes on the two sessions you will run.  Please use your experience to flesh them out.  The key is to leave the Explorers keen to learn more.  They will have access to materials online.

The preparation set for the Explorers for this week is not directly relevant to today’s content.

SESSION 1 – Highway Code and Outdoor Codes

The aim is to help the Explorers to think through possible actions and make sensible decisions.  You should take the chance to reinforce points mentioned in the main presentation and to expand on anything relevant.

Suggested approach – Highway Code

Use the 3 slides to discuss walking safely on a road.

  • Slide 1 keep right to face the traffic.
  • Slide 2 cross to left to allow oncoming traffic to see them sooner – revise how to cross safely.
  • Slide 3 is like Slide 1, but there is a pavement so they use that.

Talk about lanes and tracks – importance of listening for traffic, including bikes.

Suggested approach – Outdoor Codes: Gates

Leave gate A open so sheep can get into field Z.

Close gate B to stop sheep going on to the main road – somebody has left it open!

Ask them how they would cross this road.

If time, ask what features the would see on the map: deciduous wood; hedge on right and top left; red road; other road going off top right.

Suggested approach – Outdoor Codes: Questions

 Add any you like, ask for explanations of principles.
  1. Is it OK to leave banana skins and orange peel in a bush after lunch?  No
  2. Give 2 reasons why is it not OK to climb over walls or fences.
  3. How should you go through? [Think about respect for others and about safety.]
    Talk about gates (open if possible; leave as you find them, so make sure last person knows; climb at hinge side); stiles (easy to slip); passing bag over then climbing; barbed wire; electric fences …
  4. Discuss what you as an individual or as a team might consider to minimise erosion in different environments when on your expedition.
    Walk in single file, on path.  Don’t cut corners …
  5. What do you do with wrappers and tissues etc as you walk?
    Put in pocket, with or without dedicated rubbish bag.
  6. What do you do with rubbish at the campsite?
    Have a bag from the moment you arrive, weighted down.
  7. When do you get rid of your rubbish?
    End of expedition – not in somebody’s bin!
  8. What do you have to think of at this time of the year in the country?
    Lambs; ground-nesting birds; crops …
  9. Why must you use stoves rather than fires?
    Damage to ground killed by fire.  Fires in forests, heather, dry grass.  Discuss damage.

SESSION 2 – Kit, Projects and Presentations, Teams, Feedback


Kit list will be issued soon and they should go through it when they get it, making sure they know what they will need.  A few things you should discuss now, to reinforce, explain, add information:

  • Clothing – check boots and socks soon, and practise walking.
  • Personal Kit – torches and batteries, how to carry? [Where torch can’t be turned on by accident; where batteries will not short out; where you can find them in the dark.] Get to know rucksack, and how to adjust.
  • Group Kit – no tents needed
  • Additional Optional Kit

Personal First Aid Kit (required, in addition to group kit supplied)

Suggested list will be provided.  Add anything personal – let leaders know of medication.  Needs small box or waterproof bag, easily accessible [where?]. Must be waterproof and protected – bag, small plastic box?

Emergency Repair Kit (add your own suggestions)

Discuss.  To carry in small box or bag, easily accessible [where?].  Cord; duct tape wrapped round plastic card; lace(s); multi tool; cable ties; plastic bags …  Keep spare batteries there?

Emergency Rations

Explain – food to be kept in small plastic box or sealed bag till end of expedition. Should keep well, give lots of energy to weight, take up little space.  Enough energy for extra night stuck on hill.  What would be good? [Cereal bars; nuts; dried fruit …] [Where will you pack it?]

Projects and Presentations

A key aim of this section is to help them to understand the process of working together as a team, making best use of the skills they have while ensuring that everyone is involved.  The next section, on Teams, applies a similiar approach to the practical side – walking, cooking, ‘camping’ – so it can be done more quickly.  If you prefer, just focus on this Project and Presentations section.

Look at suggestions on the first slide and discuss.  Some ideas are noted below.

  • Navigation challenge involving whole group [leaders need time to set this up]
  • Flora, fauna, geology, weather …
  • Land use, changes in land use over time …
  • Geography, geology, history, photography, art, weather …
  • Weather – record every hour and every change.  Compare to forecast.  Explain.
  • Record walk as you go – every kilometre plus significant changes: plants, paths, people, pollution, lichens, noise, how the group is feeling …  Have a different person note/record the different topics?
  • Note the things that you are doing without on the expedition: kitchen, toilet, water, TV, social media …  Consider the effect on you at different points of the hike and what you do to cope.  Also, what are you enjoying that you don’t have at home?
  • Anything else the group fancies?

Then follow the process in the second slide.  This is intended as a dry run for what they will do in their walking group: look at the interests and skills they have in the group, agree a project and decide who will be doing what.


As noted above, this section is an optional follow-on from the previous one.  Follow the process outlined in the slide.  Make it clear we are talking about this expedition, without camping.  Probably best to take one item at a time, asking for answers and discussing as you go.  Make sure they include taking turns at leading the navigating, taking notes for the project, using stove, getting water, packing stove etc.

Feedback session

Allow up to 5 minutes to get feedback.  Please note answers for each person (you could note the names after Breakout 1, to save time) and e-mail to John after session.  Use any spare time to encourage them to look forward to the practical training and expedition.

  1. Can they access  eDofE Mapping?
  2. Have they managed to open the .gpx file?
  3. Anything else?  Positives and negatives about the training.  Suggestions.  Concerns or questions about the next stage.

Complete slide deck for Week 6

For those who might be interested, here is the complete presentation, including the breakout material.

Week 6 slides complete