Basic Skills Material Leaders Week 2

Module 2 - Sunday 14th February

Here are the slides used for the two breakout sessions on 14 February – both in the same file:

    1. Kit and packing rucksack
    2. Maps – a route near Falkland
We are providing it as a PowerPoint version, which also contains some notes for the presenter.

PowerPoint slides

If you use Microsoft OneNote, there is also a short video suggesting how you might use it in a breakout session.


Many thanks for offering to help us train the Explorers to prepare them for their first DofE expeditions.




Week 2 Topics & materials


Leaders use the link to log on to Zoom 15 minutes before the scheduled start time. From experience in week 1 we are providing only PowerPoint.  Please load this before logging on.  If you intend to use OneNote etc, that should be loaded, too, with a full-screen page ready.  We would recommend closing all unnecessary applications to avoid sharing the wrong screen.

John Buchanan is the presenter for the whole-group sessions, Fraser Dunmore is managing the Zoom.

There is a maximum of 36 Explorers for the session, divided into up to 6 breakout groups, so about 6 per group.  You will be allocated as leader of one of the groups.



Fraser lets Explorers in.  Simon/David gives initial instructions – including request to send name and Unit in chat.



John starts the session and does a very short introduction on Lightweight camping.

Kit main PPT 


Fraser sends all the Explorers into their breakout room with their leader (you).  You may wish to use OneNote etc for the initial discussion, as well as PowerPoint.  Having decided which screen you want to share: click the “Share screen”  button in Zoom, select the correct screen on your computer, and click “Share”.  To change from one app to the other, first click “End share” then repeat the process.

You run the first breakout session, which lasts 20 minutes.  After that, Fraser brings everyone together again. 

Kit and rucksacks

PPT (first part) and notes for leaders (below)

After the Rucksack section there is an orange Divider followed by some ‘possible kit’ lists.  Feel free to use these any way that suits you. 


In main session, John runs a quiz on kit and rucksacks – 10 questions, T/F – and gives answers.  This is followed by introduction to eDofE mapping, and OS locate.

Zoom quiz (Fraser)
Main PPT


Fraser sends all the Explorers into the same breakout room as before with their leader (you).

You run the second breakout session, which lasts 20 minutes.  Use the material in the second part (green title slide) of the Adobe slideshow you already have open. 

Maps detail – Falkland

PPT (second part) and notes for leaders (below)



Fraser ends breakouts. John reviews what was covered and explains how Explorers prepare for next week.

What to do next



Fraser gets feedback from Explorers.



Explorers leave. Leaders stay on for a brief feedback session. 



Here are some notes on the two sessions you will run.  Please use your experience to flesh them out.  The key is to leave the Explorers keen to learn more.  There will be more detailed training to follow for them and they will have access to materials online.

Kit and Rucksack packing

Use PPT and notes for leaders.  There are also lists of possible kit items that you can use if you wish.  You could adapt the PowerPoint to suit yourself, or you may wish to use OneNote or a similar app to display answers for everybody, or a Zoom whiteboard.  The discussion is what matters.


Key messages on Kit

Take what you need.  [What might you forget? Matches; torch; gloves; repair kit like cord, duct tape …]

Take only the quantity you need. [Individual portions, not family size: soap; washing-up liquid; toothpaste …  One set of dry clothes.  Use clothing for pillow …]

Boots are needed. 

Clothing should keep you warm and waterproof. [No jeans.  Synthetic is good. Hat – warm or for sun. …]

Make sure you know how to use all your kit.

Preparation done by Explorers for this week

“Make a list of the kit you think you will need for an expedition: for yourself; for the group.

Work with one or more friends, if you can.  Have your list ready for the meeting next week.”

As this is the first week with preparation set, make it clear that we expect them to have done it, so get everyone to contribute from their list. 

Discuss items and make up 2 lists: Top 10 items of personal kit, and Top 5 of group kit.  Don’t get hung up on the distinction between clothing and personal kit, or details of who supplies group kit.  Give as much information as you can about the different items. 


Rucksack – allow at least 5 minutes

Key messages listed on last slide.  We suggest using the two visuals first to establish the rules before showing the last slide, then looking back at the visuals if there is time.

Maps: using short route near Falkland

Use PPT and notes for leaders. 

Key thing is to get Explorers to READ the map and TALK THROUGH the route.  

Preparation done by Explorers for this week

  1. 4-figure and 6-figure grid references, using two videos and other resources.
  2. Symbols used on OS maps.

Summary of approach

Start with first slide, a quick and easy exercise on 4-figure grid references, to involve everyone and get them used to going ‘along the bottom then up the side’ or ‘along the corridor the up the stairs’.
Refer to symbols.

Use first map to do a couple of 4-figure grid references, and to note main features – town, loch, hill, road. 

Use remaining slides to talk through the route.
Move between the slides if that is useful.  The final, close-up slide is intended to allow study of detailed features, particularly round the car park area, where solid and dotted lines are important.


Try to get over the message that, if they know an answer, they should offer quickly. 


If some Explorers are finding things too easy, ask them to go beyond:

  • Think about detail, timing etc. 
  • Include information like
    • Solid line could be fence/wall/hedge – we don’t know. Where could we cross these safely and how?
    • Forest could be any stage from felled through recently planted to mature trees.  How easy is it to walk in a forest?
  • Could they choose another route?  What about bushes (like whins!)  Fences etc?