2 The 5 Ds

How not to get lost

This is a very important part of using a route card and walking safely.  If you learn this method as you prepare, and use it during your expedition, you should always know where you are.

For each section (leg) of your journey you should consider:
Distance – (How far is it?)
Duration – (How long will it take?)
Direction – (Which way should I go?)
Description – (What will I see along the way?) [Danger?]
Destination – (What should I see at the end of the leg?)

From  https://mountaintrails.ie/using-the-five-ds-in-a-navigation-strategy/

This is a serious article, but well worth a look.

Tick points

As part of the Description, you should identify ‘Tick Points’ on the next leg.  They are things you will see on the way that will tell you which point you have reached, so you can ‘tick that off’.  They could be another path, a boundary, a stream, a wood, the lowest or highest part of the leg …

How the 5Ds match the columns of the Route Card

Most of the key columns on a DofE route card match the ‘The 5 Ds’.

Open this file to see how they line up. This will work better on a larger screen.